Voice Hearers -Mad In America

New research indicates that voice-hearers are at risk of epistemic injustice, are dismissed as unreliable sources of knowledge, and lack societal frameworks to understand their experiences meaningfully. The study, published in the British Journal of Clinical Psychology, explores how voice-hearers inside and outside the mental health system experience epistemic injustice.

The qualitative study results revealed that those who hear voices are highly stigmatized, lack a meaningful societal structure to make sense of their voice-hearing outside of the medical model, and are viewed as uncredible sources of knowledge. Despite this, access to spaces or “safe harbors” where voice-hearers experiences were validated and normalized was found to protect against the adverse effects of epistemic injustice.

The researchers, led by Pamela Jacobsen of the University of Bath, write:

“Research has highlighted the particular difficulties voice-hearers can have making sense of their experiences and integrating these into their self-understanding. Voice-hearers in receipt of mental health care, or ‘clinical’ voice-hearers, have reported having to explain their voices by adopting concepts that they may not feel entirely represent their experience, such as medicalized approaches, and being disempowered in conversation with professionals, causing distress and reinforcing self-perceptions of being ‘not normal.’”



Mental Illness Awareness

In a month where Domestic Abuse is honored and Mental Health Awareness is honored , I am a 2fer.

Image how glad I am to be out of those horrific experiences and clearing the stigma and trauma does aid others .

“Mental health problems don’t define who you are. They are something you experience. You walk in the rain and you feel the rain, but you are not the rain.” — Matt Haig

Here’s a quick read on “Normalizing” the stigma of mental health https://loom.ly/i9IDXyE

#worldmentalhealthday #akuamindbody #mentalhealth #werecover #mentalhealthtreatment #anxiety #depression


The Chemical Imbalance Hoax

On the Chemical Imbalance Hoax

Neuroleptics, so called “anti-psychotics,” do not exert their therapeutic (pharmacological target) effects on psychosis (positive symptoms of schizophrenia) by rectifying a brain abnormality, such as a chemical imbalance, nor do they target any physiological process that produces the positive symptoms of schizophrenia, but rather neuroleptics suppress symptoms of schizophrenia, by a profound slowing up and dampening down of mental processes by putting a brake on dopaminergic neurotransmission – they arrest natural brain function. Neuroleptics are major tranquilizers, neurological inhibitors, suppressants and depressants of the central nervous system. Neuroleptic means “nerve seizing”. Neuroleptics work to treat psychosis by disrupting normal brain function in the reward (mesolimbic) pathway, and in the mesocortical pathway – connecting to the frontal lobe (the part of our brain that makes us human). Neuroleptics do not exert their psychosis-treating effects by targeting an underlying disease process or brain abnormality, such as a chemical imbalance, i.e. dysregulation of the dopaminergic neurotransmitter system = overactivity of dopamine neurotransmission in the 4 dopaminergic pathways: mesolimbic (reward), mesocortical (humanity), nigrostriatal (target of antiparkinsonian agents), and tuberoinfundibular (hormones, i.e. prolactin). Neuroleptics seize the central nervous system, dampen down dopaminergic brain activity, suppress function by occupying 70% – 90% dopamine D2 receptors. Neuroleptics are first and foremost psychoactive drugs. Their psychoactive effects (their global alterations of physical and mental states) treat symptoms of schizophrenia. Neuroleptics are not antidotes for psychosis. Neuroleptics are not disease-specific treatments in schizophrenia/bipolar, but rather mind altering agents producing such mental and physical alterations that suppress symptoms (superimpose upon the symptoms that they are treating). Neuroleptic effects (target and side effects) may be useful in treating (dampening down) psychotic states, but that depends on the context. They do not exert their therapeutic effects by reversing or rectifying a disease process, nor are they curative, they cannot cure psychosis, nor prevent, nor decrease the probability that one will become ill or lessen the severity of the illness (quite the contrary!). The effects of a neuroleptic can be useful, but that depends on the context, and it is not the same as fixing an underlying brain abnormality (i.e. bio-chemical imbalance). The chemical imbalance theory of schizophrenia/bipolar carries no credibility in the modern psychiatric research establishment. The researchers do not find there to be a lesion (pathology) in the dopamine neurotransmitter system that is the primary cause of schizophrenia/bipolar. The chemical imbalance theory of schizophrenia/bipolar is a hoax.

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